Monday, May 25, 2020

The Legalization Of Physician Assisted Death - 1173 Words

The idea of committing euthanasia and physician- assisted suicide (PAS) had a historical root in the nineteenth century and referred as skillful alleviation of suffering1 in Latin transcripts. Recently the theme of the legalization of physician-assisted death (PAD) in Canada boosted in 2012. The decision of the British Columbia Supreme Court in the case of Carter v. Canada (Attorney General) was the threshold of the theme. It ruled that the Canadian Criminal Code 2 prohibition against PAD was discriminatory. According to the decision, the section 241 of the Code abuses the section of 12 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The adjudication is being finalized by the Supreme Court of Canada in 2015 by granting a†¦show more content†¦In term of jurisprudence, assuming the legalization of euthanasia and PAD based on the court s decision in Carter v. Canada has no legal ground. First of all, there is a new law only regarding PAD, whereas there is nothing about euthanas ia. Secondly, euthanasia and PAD are two different legal terms. In brief, â€Å"euthanasia means the deliberate act undertaken by one person with the intention of ending the life of another person to relieve that person s suffering†, according to the Canadian Senate 1995 report 3. In PAS, a physician, at the request of a competent patient, prescribe a lethal quantity of medication, intending that the patient will use the medicals to commit suicide 4. Thirdly, according to section 241 of the Canadian Criminal Code, there is a punishment for a doctor who assists a person to commit suicide. This sentencing revised through a decision from the Supreme Court of Canada that declared it should discriminate. In fact, derogating section 241 of the Canadian Criminal Code regarding the prohibition of PAD is vastly different from legalizing euthanasia or PAD. The Supreme Court of Canada in Carter v. Canada case provided: ...we should issue the following declaration: Section 241 and s.14 of the Criminal Code unjustifiably infringe s.7 of the Charter and are no force or effect to the extent that they prohibit physician-assisted death for a competent adult person who (1)

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Individualism In Huck Finn Analysis - 1476 Words

James McPherson, Walt Whitman, and Mark Twain all state and indicate the importance of freedom, independence, and individualism throughout all the excerpts. Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Satirical novel, 1884, Huck exposes the flows of white society in the Antebellum south. Twain’s novel discusses racism, slavery, and hypocrisy of â€Å"civilized society† is to show how they are doing wrong to individuals. Walt Whitmans free verse poem â€Å"Song of Myself†, Leaves of Grass in 1855 illustrates when someone passes away life is reincarnated and becomes something better such as grass, air, or soil. Whitman’s purpose for composing this was to inform that death is a forturate thing and not something to fear for. James McPherson,†¦show more content†¦The assertion is supported with the example because Widow Douglas is trying to make Huck civilized and make him look proper. It is important because Widow Douglas is more severe and Huck i s more laid back. Widow is representative of white society’s capricious rules that she uses them to make Huck a well proper, upright, and knowledgeable man. Mark Twain’s protagonist, Huck, in his novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, removes himself of white society’s, symbolized by Widow Douglas home, because he doesn’t believe in what Widow Douglas beliefs in and he does not want to change, so he rather be civilized. In the novel, Huck utter, â€Å"When you got tpt the table you couldn’t go right to eating, but you had to wait for the Widow to tuck down her head and grumble a little over the victuals† (para 3). This example reveals that Watson bows her head and prays every times she eats, but Huck feels that he shouldn’t pray before he eats because no one was there when he was getting beaten by his dad. Therefore, it is evidence that he does not believe in anything because no one was there to save him from getting beat and nothing happened to Huck’s father. Quote is important because Huck will be defiant towards white society’s capricious rules because no one was there to sto p the abuse from happening. According to Huck, â€Å"I felt so lonesome. I most wished I was dead† (paraShow MoreRelatedHuck Finn Individualism Analysis804 Words   |  4 Pages Individualism is shown through the texts we read during the semester because they all show certain characters being an individual in society, or not conforming to the rules of society. In Mark Twains The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huckleberry Finn is portrayed as an individual and non-conformist to societys rules of being civilized, as also shown in Walt Whitmans Song of Myself. Whitman ´s purpose of writing the poem was to show that we are all individuals in society by comparing theRead MoreThe relation of form to content in Mark Twains The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn1097 Words   |  4 PagesIn discussing the structure and substance of a novel, one would be remiss not to explore the narrative strategies through which its story is told. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) is autobiographic, ensuring a valuable narrative unity; each scene is delivered as-is rather than being described into fruition. It is a tale of boyish adventure floating along the Mississipp i told as it would have appeared to the boy himself. Thus, the novel ascribes to one of several contrasting aesthetics foundRead MoreAnalysis Of John Milton s Paradise Lost Essay2201 Words   |  9 PagesIt will be useful to discuss several different bildungsromans from different eras and regions to fully determine the necessary characteristics of a bildungsroman, like The Odyssey, To Kill a Mockingbird, David Copperfield, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and The Catcher in the Rye. One of the most well-known bildungsromans and one of the most applicable to Eve’s development is To Kill a Mockingbird. Scout Finch goes through a process comparable to Eve’s, and will be especially useful in assessingRead MoreEssay on Critical Analysis of Huckleberry Finn5056 Words   |  21 PagesCritical Analysis of Huckleberry Finn In outlawing reading for motive, moral, and plot, the notice proleptically--if unsuccessfully--attempts to ward off what in fact has become an unquestioned assumption behind most interpretations of Huckleberry Finn, namely, the premise that the text affords a critique of its extraliterary context by inveighing against the inequities of racism. In Mark Twain: The Fate of Humor James M. Cox analyzes why such readings of the novel

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Religion And Its Impact On The Environment - 1452 Words

Religion and Its Impact on the Environment There are numerous religions in society, and they all differ in some way. However, most religions believe that humans have dominion over the earth and what inhabits it. This is not necessarily a bad thing, but the majority of people who believe this misinterpret it as permission to treat the environment however they want. In order for the environment to improve, as well as quality of life; humans must make a commitment to be good stewards of the earth. Christianity has the largest following in society, with Islam being a close second. Both of these religions encourage their followers to be good stewards of the earth. â€Å"The world is beautiful and verdant, and verily God, be He exalted, has made†¦show more content†¦...And do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption. The United States of America is home to the largest population of Christians in the world, yet the U.S. has been harming the environment for centuries wit h little to no hesitation. Why does this happen. Well, many Christian Americans justify their actions through religion. In the past Christian Americans justified the mass genocide of Native Americans and the American Bison through religion. They believed it was â€Å"Manifest Destiny† to dominate and settle the land around them. This mentality is extremely dangerous and should have no part in today’s society. In order for society to improve, Christian Americans need to take responsibility for their actions, instead of just pushing them off and believing they are justifiable by God. If they truly want to follow God and his teachings, they would take care of the environment that he created, and take responsibility for their actions. As a whole humans are very selfish creatures. According to many great philosophers the difference between humans and animals is the presence of self-consciousness. Humans can distinguish their own thoughts and feelings from others, and act d ifferently on that knowledge. Humans also plan for the future. Some animals plan ahead too, but the difference is that humans suffer a great loss if they die before they reach their future goals, unlikeShow MoreRelatedEnvironmental Degradation Of The Environment940 Words   |  4 Pagesargument explains most environmental impacts well but does not explain the scale of these impacts, more specifically the mass amount or rate at which actions are taken that degrade the environment. White argues that Judeo-Christian values are the reason for the exploitation of the environment and furthermore the major cause for environmental degradation. The religious beliefs influenced science and morals because â€Å"Christianity is the most anthropocentric religion the world has seen† (White 1205). TheRead MoreReligion, Overpopulation And The Environment844 Words   |  4 PagesIn the Baraka there are powerful Images, these images have an impact on the audience as they are watching the film. In the film Baraka there are symbolic messages that many people might not see or catch within the film. There are quite a few topics in the film, but the top three that I could see are religion, overpopulation and the environment. The religion part of the film is about people around the world that pray and worship gods, they have faith in a higher power which gives them purpose andRead MoreThe Common Themes Of Environmental Effects On Religion1565 Words   |  7 Pagesenvironmen tal effects on religion, combination of organized religion and culture and the formation of an organized language have all proven to be present throughout all stages of history and each all seem to play a major rule in a civilization’s ability to grow, thrive, expand and even just sustain itself. This common need for expansion, survival and growth present what appear to be history’s â€Å"Universal Laws of Humanics†. Before looking at the pattern seen in the formation of organized religion as a tool forRead MoreShaping Identity840 Words   |  4 Pagestheir surrounding environment. At certain points of time, some people search for their identity in order to understand their existence in life. In regards, identity is shaped into an individual through the social trials of life that involve family and peers, the religious beliefs by the practice of certain faiths, and cultural awareness through family history and traditions. These are what shape the identity of an individual. In todays world, society creates an impact on human life. MoreRead More Shaping Identity Essay839 Words   |  4 Pagesto their surrounding environment. At certain points of time, some people search for their identity in order to understand their existence in life. In regards, identity is shaped into an individual through the social trials of life that involve family and peers, the religious beliefs by the practice of certain faiths, and cultural awareness through family history and traditions. These are what shape the identity of an individual.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In todays world, society creates an impact on human life. MoreRead MoreThe Impact Of Religion On Youth And Youth1518 Words   |  7 Pagesyouth associate religion has been discussed in literature to a varying degree, this literature review will mainly focus on four major themes found in the relevant peer reviewed articles of recent studies. Those themes are, impact of religion on youth, youth and organized religious groups, religious groups and social capital and religious involvement of youth in university context. While literature presents the above themes in a variety of contexts, this review will investigate religion and religiousRead MoreReligion and Public school Essay1652 Words   |  7 Pagesestablished religion. To prevent this from happening in America, the Framers of the constitution banished the ability for the state to interfere with religion, and vice versa. Yet over time this mixture of government and religion has been tested, especially in cases involving school and religion. Like any argument, there is a party which agrees and another which disagrees. When looking at schools and practices of religion, there is a side that believe the mixture of school and religion is just andRead MoreEssay We Must Promote Diversity in the Workplace656 Words   |  3 Pagesethnicity, religion, and sexual orientation that make up our cultural mosaic (Stewart, 2004). Cultural differences in the workplace can sometimes become a challenge in the work environment. In order to facilitate these differences, there must be some form of cultural awareness. Cultural awareness can help employees face the challenge of responding to individuals with different religions in the workplace, expose religious practices, and eliminate stereotyping in the workplace. Awareness of religions, andRead MoreHigh Performance Team Essay1157 Words   |  5 PagesIn this paper I will discuss how a team/group can become a high-performance team/group, examine the demographic characteristics and culture diversity and the impact on the team/group behavior. I will also describe how demographic characteristics and cultural diversity contribute to or detract from high-performance groups or teams. What is a team/group? A team/group is a group of people who form together to complete a mutual goal such as a presentation, paper, discussing a topic or creating aRead MoreMulticultural Communities and Multi-Faith Practices1103 Words   |  4 Pagesthe past decade, Ireland became an increasing multicultural community from different nationalities accompanying multi-faith practices.[1] Despite the acknowledgment of the fact that diversity of race, religion, language, and cultural background between people is crucial in the healthcare environment, it is more important to develop cultural competency in hospitals to ensure high-quality health care service exclusive of inequalities and responsive to the requirements of the diverse patients.[2][3]

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Exiles By Carolyn Kay Steedman Essay Example For Students

Exiles By Carolyn Kay Steedman Essay Exiles by Carolyn Kay SteedmanFirst impressions of Steedmans Exiles left me feeling as if the woman had a lot of sour grapes to deal with.The overall flavor of the piece leans toward the negative, the cynical and sometimes even the sarcastic.She seems particularly critical of her parents, who probably did their best with what they had, but nowhere do we see much in the way of compassionate empathy on her part.The title she chose for the piece, Exiles, emphasizes the alienation that she felt from her parents, as well as the social/economic alienation which she felt her parents had endured.If I had to place a particular definition on this interpretation, it would be that Steedman suffers from a lack of objectivity. One such example of this cynicism appears in the last paragraph of page 649, wherein Steedman goes out of her way to describe in detail how her mother lied to her about her past:As a teenage worker my mother had broken with a recently established tradition and on leaving school in 1927 didnt go into the sheds.She lied to me though when, at about the age of eight, I asked her what shed done, and she said shed worked in an office, done clerical work. Steedman then goes on to say how she had sought out and verified that this lie was true:. . .I talked to my grandmother and she, puzzled, told me that Edna had never worked in any office, had in fact been apprenticed to a dry-cleaning firm that did tailoring and mending. Steedman later on sought additional opportunities to reveal her mothers evasion of the truth.From the top of page 650:. . .Now I can feel the deliberate vagueness in her accounts of those years: When did you meet daddy?-Oh, at a dance, at home.There were no photographs.Who came to London first?I wish now that Id asked that question. And so Steedman goes on and on trying to reveal every possible negative thing she can dig up about her parents.She extends her father no more mercy either, as we see at the bottom of page 650:I remember incidents like these, I think, because I was about seven, the age at which children start to notice social detail and social distinction, but also more particularly because the long lesson in hatred for my father had begun. . . . And also at the top of page 651:But we were forced to choose, early on, which side we belonged to, and children have to come down on the side that brings the food home and gets it on the table.By 1955 I was beginning to hate him-because he was to blame, for the lack of money, for my mothers terrible dissatisfaction at the way things were working out. My reaction to all of this is What a complainer!Good grief, usually poverty and hard times draws people together and helps them appreciate the better things in life.This is particularly true with those who endured the depravations of WWII and the depression, such as her parents.But seeing how Steedman appears to have been one of the first baby-boomers on the scene in the late 40s, one can see how wealth and prosperity probably surrounded her in the community.Its amazing how greed sets in so quickly upon a people and develops within them a Gimmie! Gimmie! mentality that can never be satisfied. Perhaps Steedman is expressing the only form of revenge she can exact from her parents, now long since dead.By dragging their names through the mud it appears that she may be getting some form or sadistic pleasure and satisfaction.I am sure she would never admit to it that way, however.She probably feels she has written quite a scholarly piecegiving her parents a detached, objective observation. They may have even become another one of her case studies.But when all is said and done, and the diplomas have been tucked back in the drawer or hung back on the wall, were all just a bunch of selfish, self-seeking human beings who often give in to the base and deplorable. .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 , .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .postImageUrl , .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 , .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:hover , .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:visited , .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:active { border:0!important; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:active , .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2 .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6a8bed60877272a2fe39b3a0c17d4fc2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Bank Of New York And Its History EssayThis piece was about name-calling.It was a carefully veiled attempt on the part of the writer to shield her malicious intentions toward her parents with cultural witticisms and academic prowess.I wasnt fooled.Anyone who cannot afford to grant their parents just a little bit of slack, or perhaps even a little bit of gentle humor for the tough times they went through really hasnt grown up yet.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Orpheus Descending Review Essay Example

Orpheus Descending Review Paper Essay on Orpheus Descending Tennessee Williams surprisingly gentle writer, with a clear, almost crystal soul. His world is so fragile that I want to compare it with one of the most striking symbolic images of his work -. Glass Menagerie  «The Glass Menagerie Nothing like it in my drama, perhaps, did not occur. And it is not in shape. Lengthy remarks, detailed characteristics of the characters in the poster. Monologues. Monologues. Monologues. And if the dialogue is as deaf speak: each of his, and the other does not hear. Display some invented, which will light up lettering and picture illustrations. Why is he so afraid of being misunderstood? Maybe because it is a piece of him Tom Lane Williams, who suffered himself to all human creative meal unlike any other in anything, grown up in the South, in a family where his stihoplotstvo despised and mocked, Miss Nancy. The father wanted his son to be confident, strong, courageous, and his son did not justify hopes assigned to it. Then my father left We will write a custom essay sample on Orpheus Descending Review specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Orpheus Descending Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Orpheus Descending Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer From this point on and play begins. Tom, now an adult, forced to eke out a miserable existence: to live in a great apartment hive, making money on the maintenance of the mother and sister, and forget about the happiness and lures. All to see, travel the world, write poems. . In place of this pathetic service at a shoe company where it all despise for not wanting to make a career and a passion for stihoplotstvu Amanda Wingfield Toms mother is also saddled with heavy concern: her daughter Laura disabled, and although lameness almost invisible, she is very ashamed of his injury and locks himself in a little room where there is everything that she needs to be happy: a collection of glass toys and gramophone. This is also a kind of escape from the world (the same as the poetry of Tom). Amanda, drawn by maternal instinct, trying to save Laura, sacrificing the dreams of his older and, as it seems, strong son. But if Tom agrees to be a victim? Will he be able to give for the sake of family happiness? Tom goes away once his father left. At the end of the play we meet it matured, seen and experienced a lot, but still vulnerable. Nothing has helped him to forget the face of Laura, which he gave for the sake of his happiness. And now, looking in shop windows, he sees them as a person of his sister in the glow of the glass, and asks for reflection forgiveness, and she forgives her or him it just seems PS And this is a prose of the late Williams: The door swings open in the past, silently but inexorably. I can hear the sounds of the gramophone tired, left over from the forgotten father of me, who left our home so suddenly and treacherously like me. I see a weak and sad glass glow hundreds of transparent figures gentle gentle tones. I breath away, for if in a blaze that suddenly there is her sisters face the night was hers one  ».

Monday, March 9, 2020

Mirror Lab Essays

Mirror Lab Essays Mirror Lab Paper Mirror Lab Paper Mirror Lab BY viiU523 One air inhalation hazard I observed during the Mirror Lab tour was for rhodite 906. In a large open room and workspace, the mirror lab utilized rhodite frequently to polish large new mirrors. This is concerning because this is a hazardous dust particle with its particle size at about 1. 5 micrometers. The movement of these particles are heighted by water mist placed above the mirror to keep the rhodite from solidifying. The employees also sprayed down the mirror frequently which further caused these particles to move around. When we were walking beneath and to the side of the mirror, orange rhodite compound could be seen on the sides of the mirror as well as the ground. The employers Job was to make sure the mirror was properly and consistently being polished. This definitely can poise a threat and safety risks to the workers. As a risk assessor, it is essential to decrease exposure and limit the spread of rhodite 906. Hazardous chemicals such as rhodite can cause harm when they enter the body in sufficient amounts via inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption. The ature of the chemical hazard and the routes by which it enters determine the controls needed. Unfortunately, I did not observe such controls in the workplace. There were no material safety data sheets visible or chemical hazard warnings. The employer simply wore a lab coat while visitors were only asked to wear closed toed shoes. There were no guidelines, PEL, or TLVs given by OSHA. However, the material safety date(which should be posted) explains that it can cause irritation of the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Moreover, compounds that it has such as cerium ave low toxicity. People can come into contact most easily by inhalation. In order to quantify the amount of air exposure, I would employ biological monitoring for the employers who monitor the polishing. The levels of chemicals in the body can sometimes be measured in the blood, urine, or exhaled air. The results would provide an estimate of the actual dose absorbed into the body. The MSDS lists ingredients in the rhodite we could monitor such as lanthanum fluoride, cerium fluoride, praseodymium fluoride, and kaolin. As a risk assessor student I would uggest controls such as safety glasses with side-shields used by employers and visitors alike. Engineering controls would include a local exhaust ventilation to control dust exposure without compromising the polishing ability. For skin protection, I would enforce those who have had contact to was their hands afterwards. Systems should also ensure that work wear does not become contaminated with dust, which would be carried away from the work area into mess rooms or other areas. Although the engineering controls may be less feasible, the other controls are a matter of dministrative enforcement and selling the importance of these safety measures to all employees of the mirror lab. One of the physical hazards I observed during the mirror lab tour was with noise levels. Those noise concerns ranged from the air cart, generator, and machine shop. The machine shop in particular concerned me with all the overlapping sounds. Many of the tools utilized such as the machines used to cut the mirrors created active levels of sounds. They had decibals exceeding 100dbl. The workplace was in a some air ventilation and air flow. Ear and eye protection were also provided. This does not bold well when compared to OSHAs permissible exposure limit which is 90 dBA for an 8 hour TWA. Because noise levels can cause hearing loss, OSHA requires employers to have a hearing conservation program in place if workers are exposed to a time-weighted average noise level of 85 dBA or higher over an 8 hour work shift. According to the presentation in class, some machines alone exceed 100 dBA. Using a sound level meter attached to employees, I would monitor the noise levels generated y various pieces of lab equipment to identify equipment that has excessive noise levels to verify these measurements. When equipment exceeds these limits(which according to our presentation, it did), it is important to manipulate engineering controls, posting of warning signs, and hearing protection options. I personally observed several warning signs and MSDS provided by the employer. Moreover, I saw several hearing protection devices available to employees. To improve on the conditions, I would move noise-producing equipment such as freezers into another oom. Moreover, the mirror lab could place compressors for controlled-temperature rooms in a remote location. Finally, I would provide acoustical treatment on ceilings and walls. Because there are equipment that exceed the 85 dBA set by OSHA, it is extremely important for employers to moniter the amount of time a person can be exposed in the machine shop. Although the standard is an 8 hour shift, if employees are always around the sound-exceeding machines, the amount of time a person can be exposed is cut by more than half.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Project Planning 2 Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Project Planning 2 - Research Paper Example Introduction Project planning is normally stressful to human and resource managers since there are many requirements including adequate resources, skilled staff and other tools important for the project completion. Also required is the organizing and communication of the project plan, scope and procurement activities as well as the breakdown structures necessary for the success of the program. This paper contains a memo that communicates the budget situation to the team members, ways of improving underperforming team members and the action plan to bring the project back to normal. Memo To: Team members From: Mary Tranquillo, Human resource head for the team Date: March 14, 2013 Subject: Budget situation It has come to my attention that some this project of human resource of revamping the employee compensation and the package has started to develop issues. It is so unfortunate since time is not on our side since we have already lost six weeks and seems like most of the members are not dedicated. I have also noted that some of the members are not keen with deadlines, and this is contributing to the much drag in our project. As a result, our budget looks to have been depleted faster than anticipated. We must bring this budget to track as a group. I strongly feel that there is lack of motivation in the group. As a form of encouraging the team members, there will be rewards for the best individuals who will perform best. This will include contests, bonuses, time off payouts and promotions. In addition, the group will also benefit by getting a 5% share of the total profits they contribute to the company. However, appropriate measures will be taken against the poor performing members of the team since we require an energetic team who are ready to contribute to the success of the team. Best, Mary. Ways to improve an underperforming team member Compensating for results: These are the benefits to employees from the company for the efforts employed which are either moneta ry or other benefits. Compensation plans should be designed in a manner that motivates and encourages the team members. Many plans include large incentive component including bonuses, trips, cars, commissions and stock options (Andris A., Zoltners, Prabha K. et al. 2001, 269). Compensation will be an easy thing to do especially if the work done is measurable and comparable. The best team member will be determined through the measurement of the individual performance where the results are compared and the one performing best is rewarded. Other forms of reward whose nature is personal, special and also unique rewards tend to be even motivating more than cash alone. In order to determine how much a team member will be compensated, different factors will be considered. These include the contribution of the team to the total earnings of the company and the type of industry. Also benchmarking among different industries is important so as to approximate the right amount or type of compensa tion (Andris et al. 2001, 281) Improving Team Member Accountability According to Berry (2001), team work is normally beneficial to the company, but underperformance of one member is a drawback to the team and this can be worse if the members tend to hold each other accountable. If the team member fails to undertake actions that are useful to the needs of the team, then team member accountability becomes an issue of concern. There